Magnetic susceptibility of Variscan granite-types of the Spanish Central System and the redox state of magma

C. Villaseca, V.C. Ruiz-Martínez, C. Pérez-Soba

Abstract


Magnetic susceptibility (MS) has been measured in Variscan granites from central Spain. They yield values in the order of 15 to 180µSI units for S- and I-type granites indicating that both types belong to the ilmenite series. Only samples from magnetite-bearing leucogranites from the I-type La Pedriza massif show high MS values, in the order of 500-1400µSI, reflecting the presence of this ferromagnetic mineral. Mineral chemistry of magmatic Fe-rich minerals (mainly biotite) suggests similar oxidation values for both granite types. MS values change in highly fractionated granites accordingly with the presence of rare new Fe-oxide phases (some I-type leucogranites) combined with the marked modal amount decrease of Fe-rich minerals (I- and S-type leucogranites). The redox state in highly fractionated granite melts is mostly controlled by magmatic processes that modify those primarily derived from the source region. Thus, the occurrence of magnetite or ilmenite in granites is primarily controlled by the oxidation state of the source material but also by the crystal fractionation degree of the granite melt. The presence of magnetite in some Variscan I-type leucogranites might be a consequence of crystal fractionation processes in a more limited mafic mineral assemblage than in S-type granite melts.


Keywords


magnetic susceptibility, granite type, biotite chemistry, oxygen fugacity

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1344/%25x

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Geologica Acta (ISSN-1695-6133)
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