Industria textil e historia de la tecnología: las indianas europeas de la primera mitad del siglo XIX

Agustí Nieto-Galan

Resumen


The exotic coloured cottons from the East (printed calicoes), which were spread out in Western Europe during the 18th century, can be analized as technical objects from the perspective of the history of technology. The study of some early 19th century samples (raw materials, chemical and mechanical operations, the various experts involved) are in the basis of the recent historiographical definition of 'technical system'.

Through the printed calicoes, this paper describes that technical system of colouring textiles with natural dyestuffs, which would be transformed in the second half of the 19th century with the introduction of synthetic dyes and fibres.


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