Effects of multimedia computer-assisted instruction (MCAI) on academic achievement in physical education of Greek primary students

Apostolos Siskos, Panagiotis Antoniou, Athanasios Papaioannou, Konstantinos Laparidis


Computer technology has become an integral part of physical education, yet there have been few studies exploring the use of multimedia technology in the instruction of Physical Education. The purpose of this study was to investigate if Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) in Physical Education is functional in the school environment. An interactive multimedia CD-ROM program was developed, especially for the needs of the study, titled «The tree of Health». This intervention trial involved 12 fifth- and sixthgrade classes (N = 248 students), randomized into 3 groups: Multimedia Computer Assisted Instruction, Traditional Approach to teaching (TA), and Control. Students were tested using pre and post-tests that measured knowledge of «Health related fitness» subjects. The experiment lasted 12 class hours, two classes per week over six weeks. The results of an analysis of covariance indicated that there was a significant increase in achievement post-test for the (MCAI) group when compared to either the (TA) or control groups, F(1, 238) = 13.486, p < .0167; F(1, 238) = 53.872, p < .0167. These results indicate that this new educational tool is an effective way to introduce health-related physical education programs for young students in typical classroom settings.

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