Emocions acadèmiques i validació emocional com a factors motivadors i desmotivadors en l’ensenyament d’anglès

Flora Komlosi-Ferdinand

Resum


Introducció. Les emocions tenen un paper fonamental en l’aprenentatge de llengües estrangeres, ja que els aprenents estan en procés d’adquirir no només una llengua, sinó també noves estructures de pensament i nous elements culturals. Mètode. En aquest estudi, setanta estudiants de Mongòlia i onze professors van respondre entrevistes semiestructurades. Les dades es van analitzar calculant els percentatges en les respostes segons el gènere dels estudiants. Per analitzar les respostes del professorat, es va aplicar una anàlisi narrativa. Resultats. Les dades suggereixen que els i les estudiants mostren emocions diferents durant l’adquisició d’un idioma estranger, segons si són nois o noies. Es va constatar que tots dos grups percebien els sentiments dels educadors similars a les seves pròpies emocions, i creien que un bon o mal professor podia alterar el seu èxit en l’aprenentatge. L’estudi mostra com els professors experimentaven diverses emocions positives, però el seu entusiasme disminuïa fàcilment quan els estudiants no els corresponien. Els professors percebien i entenien les emocions dels estudiants, però no sempre eren capaços de  tenir-les en compte, o no hi estaven predisposats. Discussió i conclusió. Aquesta investigació revela que tant estudiants com professorat consideren que les emocions són fonamentals a l’aula. Les emocions positives sempre semblen estar condicionades pel comportament de l’altra part. No obstant això, la validació de les possibles emocions negatives es considera una gran eina motivadora capaç de transformar les actituds negatives en positives.

Paraules clau


Motivació; Emocions; Estudiants bilingües; Validació del professorat; Anglès com a segona llengua; Diferències de gènere

Text complet:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1344/reire2020.13.127522



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