The secretion of prostaglandin E2 and interleukin 1-beta in women with periodontal diseases and preterm low-birth-weight

T Konopka, M Rutkowska, L Hirnle, W Kopec, E Karolewska E

Abstract


span style="font-size: 12px; line-height: 14px" class="Apple-style-span"Prematurity is of one of the main causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Clinical observations show, that periodontitis in pregnant women can be a direct risk factor for preterm labor, with a greater influence rate compared to other risk factors. The aim of the study was to asses the relationship between periodontal diseases and PLBW in the population of women from the Lower Silesian Region (Poland), and the evaluation of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) levels in gingival cervicular (GCF) and blood serum in women with PLBW and women giving birth on time as well as secretion of these proinflammatory mediators in whole blood after bacterial lipopolysaccharide stimulation. The study group consisted of 84 women with PLBW (39.2% primiparous), aged 17-41 (mean 27.57). The controls were 44 women (47.7% primiparous) aged 16-38 (mean 26.36) who gave birth on time to a normal birthweight baby. PGE2 and IL-1 beta concentrations in serum and GCF were determined by means of immunoenzymatic method (EIA). In the studied population women over 28 years and exposed to medical risk factors had more frequent PLBW occurrence probability. In primiparous over 28 there is 4 times greater probability of preterm labor, and in case of the severe and generalized periodontitis presence there is 3.9 times higher possibility of PLBW compared to women with healthy periodontium. In all women with PLBW there is a significantly higher PGE2 and IL-1 beta concentration in GCF, and in primiparous also PGE2 level in blood serum, compared to controls./span

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