Learn for Yourself: The Self-Learning Tools for Qualitative Analysis Software Packages

Fábio Freitas, Jaime Ribeiro, Catarina Brandao, Luís Paulo Reis, Francisle Neri de Souza, António Pedro Costa

Abstract


Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software (CAQDAS) are tools that help researchers to develop qualitative research projects. These software packages help the users with tasks such as transcription analysis, coding and text interpretation, writing and annotation, content search and analysis, recursive abstraction, grounded theory methodology, discourse analysis, data mapping, among several other types of analysis. This paper analyses the new paradigm of self-learning that presents itself increasingly as a competence to support learning in a proactive way. It further analyses education and CAQDAS with emphasis on the use of CAQDAS in educational research and the self-learning of CAQDAS. The study conducted had two main goals: analyse the self-learning tools of CAQDAS and identify CAQDAS's users profile regarding learning. Six software packages were selected: NVivo, Atlas.ti, Dedoose, webQDA, MAXQDA, and QDA Miner. They were then reviewed, taking into account their transversality, language, (self-learning) tools, among several other factors. The results show that there is a considerable demand for information from users regarding the execution of processes in CAQDAS, and that the packages analysed do not guide the user towards the self-learning tools that best fit their learning style.


Keywords


Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software; CAQDAS; Self-learning; Education and CAQDAS.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alonso, F., Lopez, G., Manrique, D., & Vines, J. M. (2005). An instructional model for web-based e-learning education with a blended learning process approach. British Journal of Educational Technology, 36(2), 217–235. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8535.2005.00454.x

Atlas.ti. (2017). ATLAS.ti: Quality Software Developed in Germany. Retrieved from http://atlasti.com/about-atlas-ti/

Brockett, R. G., & Hiemstra, R. (1991). Self-direction in adult learning : perspectives on theory, research, and practice. New York: Routledge.

Butcher, L. M., & Holbrook, A. (1996). Uses of qualitative data analysis software in educational research: the literature, the hard questions and some specific research applications. Australian Educational Researcher, 23(3). Retrieved from http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=971111415;res=IELAPA

Candy, P. C. (1991). Self-Direction for Lifelong Learning. A Comprehensive Guide to Theory and Practice. SelfDirection for Lifelong Learning A Comprehensive Guide to Theory and Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated.

Cho, D., & Kwon, D.-B. (2008). Self-directed learning readiness as an antecedent of organizational commitment: a Korean study. International Journal of Training and Development, 9(2), 140–152. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1369-6866.2004.00314.x-i1

Costa, A. P., Souza, F. N. De, & Reis, L. P. (2015). Necessitamos Realmente de Metodologias Qualitativas na Investigação em Educação? Revista Lusófona de Educação, 29(29), 27–30. Retrieved from http://revistas.ulusofona.pt/index.php/rleducacao/article/view/5092/3305

Costa, M. E., & Moreira, J. A. (2013). O B-learning e a Percepção de Competências de Aprendizagem em Ambientes Virtuais no Ensino de História. Revista Científica On-Line Tecnologia – Gestão – Humanismo, 2(1). Retrieved from https://repositorioaberto.uab.pt/bitstream/10400.2/2729/1/ArtigoPublicadoNov13_Esmeralda.pdf

Dedoose. (2017). Meet Dedoose. Retrieved from http://www.dedoose.com/userguide/meetdedoose/whatisdedoose#WhatIsDedoose

Durr, R. E. (1992). An examination of readiness for self-directed learning and selected personnel variables at a large Midwestern electronics development and manufacturing corporation. Florida Atlantic University. Retrieved from https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=5816757

Einspänner, J., Dang-Anh, M., & Thimm, C. (2014). Computer-Assisted Content Analysis of Twitter Data. In Katrin Weller, Axel Bruns, Jean Burgess, Merja Mahrt, & Cornelius Puschmann (Eds.), Twitter and Society (Vol. 89, p. 435). New York: Peter Lang Publishing. Retrieved from http://dang-anh.de/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/einspaenner_et_al_2014_computer-assisted-content-analysis-of-twitter-data.pdf

Eranki, K. L. N., & Moudgalya, K. M. (2016). Comparing the Effectiveness of Self-Learning Java Workshops with Traditional Classrooms. Educational Technology & Society, 19(4), 59–74.

Freitas, F., Neri de Souza, F., & Costa, A. P. (2016). O Manual de Utilizador de um Software de Análise Qualitativa: as perceções dos utilizadores do webQDA. Revista Lbérica de Sistemas E Tecnologias de Informação, 19(9), 107–117. Retrieved from http://www.aisti.eu/

Freitas, F., Ribeiro, J., Brandão, C., de Souza, F. N., Costa, A. P., & Reis, L. P. (2017). In Case of Doubt See the Manual: A Comparative Analysis of (Self)Learning Packages Qualitative Research Software. In A. P. Costa, L. P. Reis, F. N. de Souza, & A. Moreira (Eds.), Computer Supported Qualitative Research: Second International Symposium on Qualitative Research (ISQR 2017) (pp. 176–192). Cham: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61121-1_16

Gregorio, S. di. (2011). Is Qualitative Software Really Comparable? Reflections on “the Experiment”: An “Expert” View. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 12(1). Retrieved from http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/1635/3158

Guglielmino, L. M. (1977). “Development of the Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale,” Doctoral Dissertation. University of Georgia.

Hewson, C., Yule, P., Laurent, D., & Vogel, C. (2003). Internet research methods : a practical guide for the social and behavioural sciences. London: Sage Publications.

Julius, K. (2012). Using Qualitative Data Analysis Software to Support Learning and Teaching of Research Practices. International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education, 3(1), 657–660. Retrieved from http://infonomics-society.org/wp-content/uploads/ijcdse/published-papers/volume-3-2012/Using-qualitative-data-analysis-software-to-support-learning-and-teaching-of-research-practices.pdf

Lima Santos, N., & Faria, L. (2003). Desafios da avaliação da auto-aprendizagem em contexto sócio-laboral. Revista de Psicologia Militar, 14, 163–184.

Lima Santos, N., & Faria, L. (2007). Escala de auto-aprendizagem. In M. R. Simões, C. Machado, M. M. Conçalves, & L. Almeida (Eds.), Avaliação psicológica: instrumentos validados para a população portuguesa (Vol. 3, pp. 137–148). Coimbra: Editora Quarteto.

Lima Santos, N., & Gomes, I. (2009). Transformações e Tendências do Ensino-Aprendizagem na Era Digital: Alguns Passos para uma Arqueologia de um novo Saber-Poder. Revista Antropológicas, 0(11), 143–159. Retrieved from http://revistas.rcaap.pt/antropologicas/article/view/42/16

Magalhães, M. S. N. (2011). Auto-conceito de competência e auto-aprendizagem em alunos do ensino secundário: Comparação de cursos científico-humanísticos com cursos profissionais. Universidade Fernando Pessoa. Retrieved from http://bdigital.ufp.pt/bitstream/10284/1983/1/DM_1982.pdf

Martin, B., Mitrovic, A., Koedinger, K. R., & Mathan, S. (2011). Evaluating and improving adaptive educational systems with learning curves. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction, 21(3), 249–283. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11257-010-9084-2

Matt Pickles. (2016). Como funciona a universidade sem professores inaugurada nos EUA - BBC Brasil. Retrieved November 13, 2016, from http://www.bbc.com/portuguese/internacional-37797400

MAXQDA. (2017). MAXQDA. Retrieved from http://www.maxqda.com

Merriam, S. B., Caffarella, R. S., & Baumgartner, L. M. (2007). Self-Directed Learning and Sales Force Performance: An Integrated Framework. The Journal of Personal Selling and Sales Management, 27(1), 9–24. https://doi.org/10.2307/40472089

Moreira, J. A., Nejmeddine, F., & Almeida, A. C. (2014). Aprendizagem em ambientes online no ensino superior em Portugal. Revista Perspectivas Educativas, 7(1), 45–59. Retrieved from http://revistas.ut.edu.co/index.php/perspectivasedu/article/viewFile/667/513

Moudgalya, K. M. (2014). Pedagogical and Organisational Issues in the Campaign for IT Literacy Through Spoken Tutorials (pp. 223–244). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-38291-8_13

Neri-de-Souza, F., Costa, A. P., & Moreira, A. (2011). Análise de Dados Qualitativos Suportada pelo Software WebQDA. In Atas da VII Conferência Internacional de TIC na Educação: Perspetivas de Inovação (pp. 49–56). Braga: CHALLANGES2011. Retrieved from https://www.webqda.com/analise-de-dados-qualitativos-suportada-pelo-software-webqda/

Neri de Souza, F., & Almeida, P. A. (2009). Investigação em Educação em Ciência baseada em dados provenientes da internet. In XIII Encontro Nacional De Educação Em Ciências. Castelo Branco: Escola Superior de Educação, Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco. Retrieved from http://ilcj.weebly.com/uploads/2/8/5/8/2858075/neri-almeida_corpus_latente_internet_2009.pdf

Oliveira, T., & Morgado, L. (2012). Aprendizagem Colaborativa nos Fóruns online - Estudo de Caso no Ensino Superior. In Conferência online de Informática Educacional. Lisboa: Universidade Aberta. Retrieved from https://repositorioaberto.uab.pt/bitstream/10400.2/3436/1/toliveira_linamorgado_COIEDebook.pdf

Pinho, I., Rodrigues, E., Souza, F. N. de, & Lopes, G. (2014). Determinantes na Adoção e Recomendação de Software de Investigação Qualitativa: Estudo Exploratório. Internet Latent Corpus Journal, 4(2).

QSR software. (2017). Discover the NVivo Suite.

Rowland, Frances; Volet, S. E. (1996). Self direction in community learning: a case study. Australian Journal of Adult and Community Education , 36(2). Retrieved from http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=970403455;res=IELAPA

Rurato, P. A. L. (2008). As características dos aprendentes na educação à distância : Impacto no processo educativo com vista ao desenvolvimento de estratégias de sucesso. Universidade de Aveiro. Retrieved from http://ria.ua.pt/handle/10773/1843

Saillard, E. K. (2011). Systematic Versus Interpretive Analysis with Two CAQDAS Packages: NVivo and MAXQDA. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 12(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1177/14733250100090021002

Salmona, M., & Kaczynski, D. (2016). Don’t Blame the Software: Using Qualitative Data Analysis Software Successfully in Doctoral Research. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 17(3).

Silver, C., & Lewins, A. (2007). Using Software in Qualitative Research: A Step-by-Step Guide. Los Angels, London: Sage Publications. Retrieved from https://books.google.pt/books?hl=pt-PT&lr=&id=hfKICwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=Using+Software+in+Qualitative+Research:+A+Step-by-Step+Guide&ots=ebac5sHYRb&sig=dO42bauHSOelqMxjEHARjwTuNZ8&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Using%2520Software%2520in%2520Qualitative%2520R

Silver, C., & Rivers, C. (2015). The CAQDAS Postgraduate Learning Model: an interplay between methodological awareness, analytic adeptness and technological proficiency. International Journal of Social Research MethodologyOnline) Journal, 1364–5579. https://doi.org/10.1080/13645579.2015.1061816

Silver, C., & Rivers, C. (2016). The CAQDAS Postgraduate Learning Model: an interplay between methodological awareness, analytic adeptness and technological proficiency. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 19(5), 593–609. https://doi.org/10.1080/13645579.2015.1061816

Sohn, B. K. (2017). Phenomenology and Qualitative Data Analysis Software (QDAS): A Careful Reconciliation. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 18(1). Retrieved from http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/2688/4074

Stansfield, M. L. (1997). “Employee ‐ develop yourself!” Experiences of self‐directed learners. Career Development International, 2(6), 261–266. https://doi.org/10.1108/13620439710178594

University of Surrey. (2017). What is the CAQDAS Networking Project? Retrieved September 18, 2017, from https://www.surrey.ac.uk/sociology/research/researchcentres/caqdas/

Walsh, M. (2003). The Qualitative Report Teaching Qualitative Analysis Using QSR NVivo. The Qualitative Report (Vol. 8). Retrieved from http://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr

webQDA. (2017). O webQDA. Retrieved from https://www.webqda.net/acerca/o-webqda/

Wikipedia. (20017). Computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Computer assisted_qualitative_data_analysis_software

Wikipedia. (2016). Computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer-assisted_qualitative_data_analysis_software

Wikipedia. (2017a). Atlas.ti. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlas.ti

Wikipedia. (2017b). Dedoose. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dedoose

Wikipedia. (2017c). MAXQDA. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MAXQDA

Wikipedia. (2017d). NVivo. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NVivo

Zsiga, P. L. (2008). Self-directed learning in directors of a US nonprofit organization. International Journal of Self-Directed Learning, 5(2), 35–49.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Licencia Creative Commons

ISSN 2013-9144

 

RCUB revistesub@ub.edu Avís Legal RCUB Universitat de Barcelona