The Shadow of the «Other»: the Spanish Civil War and the strengthening of Portuguese hispanophobic nationalism

José Miguel Sardica


This article aims to look at the Spanish Civil War and at Salazar and Franco’s consolidation in power as a time of strengthening of Portuguese nationalistic Hispanophobia (opposing the idea of the perfect communion of worldviews between the two Iberian dictators), a feeling and an attitude that spanned all through the ‘Estado Novo’, up to and including democracy and the era of the Peninsula in Europe. To do so, some of the voices which shaped Portuguese politics towards Spain, between 1935 and 1942, will be discussed, most notable of all Salazar’s anti-republicanism and anti-Falangism discourses.


Spanish Civil War; Salazar; Franco; nationalism; Hispanophobia

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