The Hercynian ore deposits from the Catalonian Coastel Ranges

Carles AYORA, A. SOLER, Joan-Carles MELGAREJO

Abstract


Many mineralizations, showings and geochemical anomalies have been found in the Hercynian of the Catalonian Coastal Ranges during the last ten years. Many of them are enclosed in the  Paleozoic sediments and volcanics and display pre-metamorphic syngenetic characteristics. The lower carboniferous manganese and base metal deposits appear to be formed from hydrothermal fluids springing up in the sea floor through active fractures controlling the filling of the basins in aextensional geotectonic setting. Although less evidence and more controversy is available, similar ore forming processes could have taken place in older Paleozoic times. The deformation and metamorphism have not played an important remobilization role, and most epigenetic deposits of Hercynian age are related to the hydrothermal cells induced by the post-metamorphic granitic intrusives.

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