Exotic accessory minerals in layered chromities of the Campo Formoso complex (Brazil)



The Campo Formoso stratiform intrusive complex, in Bahia State, Brazil, considered to be of Paleoproterozoic age, consists of a tabular body of ultramafic rocks about 40 km long and 100-1100 m wide. Thick horizons of chromitite are exploited and the deposits are the richest in Brazil. The complex was intruded by the Campo Formoso calc-alkaline batholith, emplaced by the result of the Transamazonian collision-related orogeny. The peridotite was firstly thoroughly serpentinized, then affected by a renewed cycle of hydrothermal alteration as the batholith cooled, leading in the roof zone to emerald mineralization around roof pendants. An even later influx of fluid led to the formation of talc, silica and carbonates, such that the ultramafic rocks were locally converted to listwanite. The chromitite sequences are highly unusual in containing rather exotic minerals, such as monazite-(La), monazite-(Ce), apatite, galena, bismuthinite, antimony, and three unknown minerals of stoichiometry PbSb2, Pb6Sb and PbSb4, all associated with the clinochlore. The latter phases may have formed during hydrothermal activity in the system Pb-Sb. The presence of these exotic minerals in chromitite, which makes this occurrence unique in the world, strongly support the hypothesis that the La, Ce, P, Pb, Bi and Sb were metasomatically added to the Campo Formoso chromitite horizons by hydrothermal fluids emanating from the nearby Campo Formoso calc-alkaline batholith as it cooled.


Campo Formoso; Chromitites; Monazite; Apatite; Pb-S-Sb bearing minerals; Brazil.

Full Text:


DOI: https://doi.org/10.1344/105.000000347


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

            Facultat de Ciències de la Terra                       Geociències Barcelona                           Institut de Diagnosi Ambiental                    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona           
                Universitat de Barcelona                                                                                          i Estudis de l'Aigua (CSIC) 
Geologica Acta (ISSN-1695-6133)
Biblioteca de Ciències de la Terra (UB-CSIC) | Facultat de Ciències de la Terra, Martí i Franquès s/n 08028 Barcelona | Spain
Phone: +34 93 403 19 89 | E-mail: geologica-acta@ictja.csic.es
RCUB RCUB Declaració ètica Avís Legal Centre de Recursos per a l'Aprenentatge i la Investigació Universitat de Barcelona