A synthesis of palynological data from the Lower Permian Cerro Pelado Formation (Paraná Basin, Uruguay): A record of warmer climate stages during Gondwana glaciations



This paper presents a synthesis of the palynological record in the Cerro Pelado Formation deposits (Lower Permian, Paraná basin, Cerro Largo Department, north eastern Uruguay) based on pre-existing data and new findings. The successions studied in this formation consist mainly of non-marine to glacial-marine mudstones and sandy mudstones. The palynological assemblages yielded by 32 samples collected from two outcrops and thirty borehole samples demonstrate that not significant floral changes took place through the considered stratigraphic range. The correlation of these assemblages with biostratigraphic palynozones, proposed previously for the Paraná/ Chacoparaná Basin of Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay point to their Early Permian age. The most widespread spore genera in these assemblages are Punctatisporites, Lundbladispora, Vallatisporites and Granulatisporites. Among pollen grains, Caheniasaccites, Vittatina, Potonieisporites, Protohaploxypinus and Plicatipollenites are the most representative. Palynomorphs assigned to Chlorophyta, Prasinophyta, and acritarchs indicate the development of brackish to fresh water lacustrine environments. The results from the facies and palynological analyses suggest that these deposits were formed during interglacial or postglacial warmer climatic episodes. This fact would agree well with the proposal that Gondwana glaciations were characterized by discrete glacial phases (with multiple glacial lobe advance-retreat phases) alternating with warmer climatic episodes. These episodes could be recognized thanks to sub-glacial and melt water related continental deposits that would bear characteristic palynological assemblages, like the recorded in the Cerro Pelado Fm. successions.


Lower Permian; Palynology; Interglacial-postglacial episodes; Gondwana; Uruguay

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1344/105.000001580


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