Lower Eocene sedimentary succession and microfossil biostratigraphy in the central northern Caucasus basin

Authors

  • E. Shcherbinina Geological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Pyzhevsky 7, Moscow 119017, Russia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6124-3837
  • A. Iakovleva Geological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Pyzhevsky 7, Moscow 119017, Russia
  • Y. Gavrilov Geological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Pyzhevsky 7, Moscow 119017, Russia
  • O. Golovanova Geological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Pyzhevsky 7, Moscow 119017, Russia
  • N. Muzylev Geological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Pyzhevsky 7, Moscow 119017, Russia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1344/GeologicaActa2020.18.1

Keywords:

Nannofossils, Dinocysts, Biostratigraphy, Lithology, Sapropelites, NE Peri-Tethys, Northern Caucasus, Ypresian, Lower Eocene

Abstract

The lower Eocene sediments from the classical Paleogene section exposed along the Kheu River, northern Caucasus, southern Russia are here studied. This ca. 50m thick succession is lithologically contrasting: the lower and upper parts are composed by soft marls separated by a thick Radiolaria-rich unit of non-calcareous and low-calcareous mudstones with intercalations of compact cherty layers. According to nannofossil and dinocyst biostratigraphy, the unique intercalation of Total Organic Carbon (TOC)-rich sediment (sapropelitic bed) in the lower part of the lower Eocene correspond to the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) and a series of sapropelitic interlayers in the upper marly part of the lower Eocene succession correlates with the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum (EECO). The study of nannofossil and dinocyst assemblages enabled detailed zonal subdivision and first-order calibration of nannofossil and dinocyst bio-events during this time-span. The studied interval of the section embraces the complete succession of nannofossil zones NP9-NP13 of Martini, 1971, CP8-CP11 of Okada and Bukry, 1980 and CNP11-CNE5 of Agnini et al., 2014. By means of dinocyst stratigraphy, the succession of Apectodinium hyperacanthum, Axiodinium augustum, Deflandrea oebisfeldensis, Dracodinium astra, Stenodinium meckelfeldense, Dracodinium varielongitudum, Ochetodinium romanum/Samlandia chlamydophora and Areosphaeridium diktyoplokum zones are identified in the Ypresian part of the Kheu section.

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Published

2020-01-29

How to Cite

1.
Shcherbinina E, Iakovleva A, Gavrilov Y, Golovanova O, Muzylev N. Lower Eocene sedimentary succession and microfossil biostratigraphy in the central northern Caucasus basin. GeA [Internet]. 2020Jan.29 [cited 2021Jul.30];18:1-15, I. Available from: https://revistes.ub.edu/index.php/GEOACTA/article/view/GeologicaActa2020.18.1

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