SEM study of different treatments of the smear layer on different cavity walls

MA Luz, NG Netto, VE Arana-Chavez


span style="font-size: 12px; line-height: 14px" class="Apple-style-span"The present study evaluated the effects of slightly demineralizing treatments on dentinal cavity walls, since some recently developed adhesive procedures are applied over the smear layer. Ten experimental treatments--mechanical, chemical or mechanical/chemical--were applied on MOD cavity walls prepared in vitro with diamond burs. The dentinal surface of a lateral and of a pulpal wall of each cavity was evaluated through scanning electron microscopy, and the effects of the treatments were compared. All treatments except air/water spray removed some of the smear layer, and slight differences were observed regarding the studied cavity walls: on dentin from pulpal walls the enamel hatchet associated with tannic acid produced a better effect than the other treatments, and on dentin from lateral walls the biological detergent rubbed with cotton pellets was a little more effective than the other treatments. The effect of the smear layer treatment on dentin is different according to the wall and to the applied treatment./span

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