Personalised learning environments: Core development issues for construction


  • Sharifah Mazlina Syed Khuzzan
  • Jack Steven Goulding
  • Jason Underwood


The growth of e-Learning has been continual and sustained. This has been fuelled by developments in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) the nuances of which are starting to reap considerable benefits in the educational and business environments. Specific benefits have included e-interoperability, scalability, adaptability and the mass-customisation of learning packages to the distributed learner community. Notwithstanding the technology related issues, from a pedagogic perspective, learning styles and instructional strategies are now being intensively studied in the "traditional’ classroom setting to leverage advantage. However, there has been little research undertaken on the application of learning styles within the educational arena, perhaps because of limited authoring applications or explicit choice vis-à-vis the creation of instructional strategies for specific learning styles. In this context, some of the evidence identifies that the more thoroughly instructors understand the differences in learning styles, the better chance they have of meeting the diverse learning needs of learners. Therefore, the paradigm of "one size fits all", by default, can only address the generic learner issues (and not the specific ‘personalised’ learner requirements). This paper introduces the concepts and issues surrounding the development (and barriers) of personalised learning environments, which incorporates learning styles.