Enquête épidémiologique sur la santé bucco-dentaire à Fada N’Gourma (Burkina Faso)

J Abellard, B Decroix, L.M. Kerebel

Abstract


In 1983 an investigation involving a homogeneous population sample from a western city of Burkina Faso has been performed in 1983 in order to estimate the oral health status of the population cut off from any dental assistance and to assess the importance of traditional practices in the city.

The investigation, performed using World Health Organization techniques (WHO, 1977) involved 354 subjects, male and female, divided into age groups from 10 to 54. It was shown that: although the oral hygiene level was very low and no dental treatments were performed, caries level was very low - although gingivitis rate was high, advanced periodontitis rate was low - The frequency of interincisive diastema (one subject out of 4 in the 15-19 age group), the progressive decline of tooth cutting, a traditional practice, in town people but the large extent of cola use (one adult out of two).

The present data will be used as base-line reference to evaluate the incidence of a dental care and prevention program which has just started in the same city of Burkina Faso.


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