Comparative analyses among interfaces of some ceramic materials and bone in sheep

D Zaffe, A.M Gatti, G.P Poli, A Ravaglioli, A Krajewski

Abstract


Aim of this work is the evaluation of “in situ” implants in an animal model to study the interfaces that some ceramic materials for dental bone defects develop with bone and to check which material is more osteoconductive.

In a sheep’s jaw, eight holes were drilled and filled with six ceramic materials in granular shape. Two bilateral holes were left empty as reference. The ceramic materials were: porous tricalcium phosphate (TCP), porous hydroxylapatite (HA) and four bioactive glasses. The glasses differ for doping agents that affect the velocity of biodegradation in the living body.

Monthly radiographs were taken and the X-ray pictures analyzed by means of a Video Display Computer in order to quantify the optical density changes occured in the holes. After 4 month implantation, the segments of the jaw containing the materials were fixed in paraformaldehyde, embedded in methylmethacrylate and sectioned.

The results obtained under the microradiograph, the SEM and the X-ray microprobe showed a good bone repair only with TCP granules. A great degradation was seen in HA granules and particularly in glasses.

The degradation modified the structure and the composition of the glass granules, but it was not followed by a consequent bone deposition.


Keywords


implantology; ceramics; bioactive materials

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