Osseous structure of the ramus of mandible

O Obradovic, D Bogdanovic, V Pesic, B Pejkovic, D Dozic, V Vitanovic

Abstract


Osseous structure of the ramus of mandible (RM) is of a practical clinical significance. Osteosynthesis of fractured segments and the success of the sagittal or the horizontal ramus split osteotomy depends on the cortical bone disposition and thickness.

After morphometric investigations of the RM, conducted on 70 mandibles of adults, consecutive horizontal and frontal sections were made. On these sections, the cortical layer was studied and the cortical bone thickness was measured at four previously marked points.

In the regard of morphometry, the significant datum is that nearly half of all the cases is grouped round the mean value of any parameter.

Cortical bone is continuous and its two main sheets are the buccal and the lingual cortical plates. In its entirety, the buccal cortical plate is thicker than the lingual. The thickness of both cortical plates increases in the direction from the coronoid process to the angle of mandible.


Keywords


mandibular ramus; osseous structure; oral surgery; anatomy

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