In vitro evaluation of the marginal seal of four restoration materials on deciduous molars
The aim of this study was to compare the marginal microleakage of Fuji II LC (A), composite resin Z250 (B), Fuji IX GP (C), and Dyract AP (F) in class V cavities and at the Fuji II LC/Z250 (D) and Fuji IX GP/composite resin Z250 (E) interfaces of an open sandwich technique on deciduous teeth. After thermocycling the mean marginal dye penetration at the enamel junction was 21.6 microns +/- 14.2 for group A; 83.6 microns +/- 32.3 for group B; 7.5 microns +/- 7.5 for group C; 38.7 microns +/- 27.5 for group D, and 0 micron for groups E and F. Mean dye penetration at the cementum junction was 37.1 +/- 20.2 (A); 123 +/- 42.1 (B); 28.7 +/- 17.1 (C); 0 (D); 14.4 +/- 14.4 (E); and 0 (F) microns. No leakage was seen at the junction between Fuji II LC and Z250 (0 micron), whereas a mean leakage of 184 microns between Fuji IX and Z250 was measured. In enamel the best seal was obtained with Dyract AP, but with differences at the limit of significance (P = 0.07). Sealing was significantly worse with Z250 (p = 0.03 versus Fuji II LC; p = 0.006 versus Fuji IX GP; and p = 0.003 versus Dyract AP). In cementum, the comparison between the grouped data Z250-Fuji II LC versus Fuji IX GP-Dyract AP was highly significant (p 0.001), while there was no detectable difference between Z250 and Fuji II LC.
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