Leishmaniasis of the Lip : Report of a Case


  • Cyrille Voisin ULB Hôpital Erasme, Bruxelles
  • Fabrice Bianchi ULB Hôpital Erasme, Bruxelles
  • D Parent
  • L Evrard Université Libre de Bruxelles


Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by a protozoan flagellate of the genus Leishmania. This parasite infects numerous mammal species including humans. It is transmitted through the infective bite of a sand fly called phlebotominae. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is the most common form of Leishmaniasis. We present the case of a 47 years- old man who came to our Department of oral and maxillo-facial surgery, complaining about a painless lesion on his lower lip. After removal of the lesion and microscopic examination, the diagnosis of Leishmaniasis was made. This clinical case illustrates that the differential diagnosis of a nodular painless lesion of the lip must include rare diagnosis like a cutaneous Leishmaniasis, especially in patient from a geographic origin which represents an area at risk for Leishmaniasis.

Author Biographies

Cyrille Voisin, ULB Hôpital Erasme, Bruxelles

Service de Stomatologie et de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale

Fabrice Bianchi, ULB Hôpital Erasme, Bruxelles

Clinique d’Orthodontie

D Parent

Clinique de Pathologie des Muqueuses

L Evrard, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Service de Stomatologie et de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale





Original Research Articles