The Right to Health Care in Spain. Towards a change of model?

Carlos Lema Añón


The Right to Health Care was included in the Spanish Constitution in 1978. This Right has been later developed through legal and institutional activities, creating a National Health System that provides universal and equal access to Health Care. But those features of Universality and Equality have been questioned by Royal Decree-Act 16/2012. This contribution suggests that this Act generates an illegitimate violation of constitutional principles related to the Right to Health Care. This Act, as well as the policies in which it can be included, predict a change of model: from universality to exclusion in public provision of Health Care.


right to health care; universality of Human Rights; National Health System; equality

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