Depositional evolution and models for a deep-lacustrine gravity flow system in a half-graben rifted sag, Beibuwan Basin, South China Sea


  • Yuan Li Key Laboratory of Earthquake Geodesy, Institute of Seismology, China Earthquake Administration, Wuhan 430071, China Hubei Key Laboratory of Earthquake Early Warning, Hubei Earthquake Agency,40 Hongshance Road, Wuhan 430071,China;
  • Hua Wang Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources, Ministry of Education, Faculty of Earth Resources, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Guotao Zhang Wuhan Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Wuhan 430205, China
  • Song Lin Key Laboratory of Earthquake Geodesy, Institute of Seismology, China Earthquake Administration, Wuhan 430071, China Hubei Key Laboratory of Earthquake Early Warning, Hubei Earthquake Agency,40 Hongshance Road, Wuhan 430071,China; Wuhan Institute of Earthquake Engineering Co., Ltd, Wuhan 430071, China



Deep-lacustrine gravity flow, Turbidity current, Sandy debrite, Fushan Sag, Beibuwan Basin


The Paleogene Liushagang Formation is part of the Fushan Sag, a continental lacustrine basin located at the Southeastern margin of the Beibuwan Basin, South China Sea. Further understanding of the deep-water gravity flow deposits in this formation will be conducive to lithologic reservoir exploration in the sag. In this study, three members of the Liushagang Formation, SQEls3 SQEls2 and SQEls1, from old to young, are used with core observation, well log data, and three-dimensional seismic data to identify four deep-lacustrine gravity flow lithofacies including their vertical and lateral relationships within the depositional system. The results are then used to establish a deep-water gravity flow depositional model. Four types of gravity flow lithofacies developed in the sag: sandy debrite, turbidite, sandy slump, and bottom-current deposits. Sand-rich sub-lacustrine fan deposits with typical turbidite channels were developed mainly in the western depression, whereas distal isolated lobes formed by sandy debrite flow deposits occurred mainly in the eastern depression. The results obtained in this study will be helpful in the research of gravity flows in similar continental lacustrine environments.


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