Characterization of the shallow subsurface structure across the Carrascoy Fault System (SE Iberian Peninsula) using P-wave tomography and Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves


  • Handoyo Handoyo Institut Teknologi Sumatera
  • Irene DeFelipe Department of Geology, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
  • Raquel Martín-Banda Geological and Mining Institute of Spain, Madrid, Spain
  • Julián García-Mayordomo Geological and Mining Institute of Spain, Madrid, Spain
  • David Martí Lithica SCCL, Santa Coloma de Farners, Girona, Spain
  • José Jesús Martínez-Díaz Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • Juan Miguel Insua-Arévalo Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • Teresa Teixidó Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
  • Juan Alcalde Geosciences Barcelona (GEO3BCN, CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
  • Imma Palomeras Department of Geology, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
  • Ramón Carbonell Geosciences Barcelona (GEO3BCN, CSIC), Barcelona, Spain



Algezares-Casas Nuevas Fault, Carrascoy Fault, Frontal Strands Fault, MASW, P-Wave Tomography


The seismicity in the SE Iberian Peninsula is distributed parallel to the coast in a well-developed strike-slip fracture system known as the Eastern Betic Shear Zone (EBSZ). This work focuses on the characterization of the shallow subsurface structure of the Algezares-Casas Nuevas Fault, within the Carrascoy Fault System of the EBSZ. The Carrascoy Fault borders the Guadalentín Depression to the south, which is a densely populated area with extensive agricultural activity. Therefore, this faults system represents a seismic hazard with significant social and economic implications. We have constructed two velocity-depth models based on P-wave tomography and Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) acquired from seismic reflection data. The resulting velocity models have allowed us to interpret the first ~250m depth and have revealed: i) the thickness of the critical zone; ii) the geometry of the Algezares-Casas Nuevas Fault; iii) the depth of the Messinian/Tortonian contact and iv) the presence of blind thrusts and damage zones under the Guadalentín Depression. Our results have also helped us to estimate an apparent vertical slip rate of 0.66±0.06m/ky for the Algezares-Casas Nuevas Fault since 209.1±6.2ka. Our results provide a methodological and backflow protocol to study the shallow subsurface of active faults, complementing previous geological models based on paleoseismological trenches, and can be used to improve the seismic hazard assessment of tectonically active regions around the world.


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