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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Anonymity of authorship: Check that the name of the author/authors is/are not in the first page of the submitted manuscript, and that there are no indications of the identity of the author/s throughout the text. If the file you upload contains identity of authors the submission will be rejected.
  • Topic/Theme: must fall within the focus of interest of this journal (see in the home page, about this journal focus)
    Submission: must include academic sections required in an international academic journal: Presentation of the topic and main research questions, hypothesis, critical analysis of the sources and methodologies used, updated and strong review literature, engagement in current theoretical debates well described and presented, original findings and contributions, description of the limitations of the research, list of references that follow style of this journal and have been cited in text (do not include references not cited in the text). - The text is an original, strong contribution to international debates or issues, not simple descriptions of incomplete or insufficient research efforts.
  • Author/s must read and accept the Ethical Policy of this journal, and agree to send a written acceptance of these guidelines, in a message sent to the journal, during the initial submission of the original version of their manuscript. The Ethical Policy of the journal can be found scrolling down the window "About" in the journal home page: Outstandingly important is that, following this journal Ethical Policy, authors acknowledge and accept in a written message during the submission process, to this journal, that the submitted manuscript is an original work that has never been published in any language before. Plagiarism, including self-plagiarism as defined in our Ethical Policy, is not permitted and if found can lead to immediate rejection of the manuscript. See details in the Ethical Policy link in the "About" window of the home page of this journal.
  • Authors of studies involving human participants (e.g. interviews) must send during submission to the journal two documents :
    1. Approval, and consent of human participants involved in the study, approving to use their name and opinions when cited in the study (typically in studies using interviews).
    2. Author´s explanation of method/s used to preserve anonymity of data obtained from human participants.
    Both documents must be: 1) supplied by authors to editors of the journal during submission process, and always prior to any acceptance for publication; and 2) acknowledged in a note in the text of the submitted manuscript.
  • Declaration of potential conflicts of interest. Authors who believe there might be potential conflicts of interest with any associate editor or reviewer should communicate this at the time of the submission, in an email to an editor in chief of the journal who will work to prevent those potential conflicts of interest.
  • Abstract: must clearly include: subject, research question, major gaps in the literature addressed in your submission, theoretical framework, most relevant sources, methodology, and contribution to the literature.
  • Notes and references, as well as tables or figures: must be in the journal style as indicated in the journal website. If your references and notes are not in the style of the journal your manuscript will return to you to adjust.
  • Word lenght of your paper must not exceed an average of 8,000 words
  • English style. Authors without this English style must have an specialized English native speaker revising the text in every stage of the editorial process. Each author is responsible of this requirement. The journal may suggest possible names of English native speakers if requested. A useful guide for the revision of the style is in the University of Barcelona style guidelines in

Author Guidelines

*Anonymity of authorship: Authors must make sure before uploading the file with their paper that the file submitted does not contain the name of the author/s, or any indication that may explicitly reveal the identity of the author/s, to guarantee the journal peer-review policies.

* Thematic alignment with themes of the journal:Themes of the submission must align with themes which are the focus of this journal as described in the "About" section in the journal webpage.

* Ethical policy:

-Authors must read and accept the Ethical Policy of this journal. The Ethical Policy is scrolling down the window "About" in the home page of this journal:

Particularly relevant issues that authors must accept in a direct message to the journal, during the submission process, are:

1. That the submission is an original work of the author/s not published in any language in any other type of publication.

2. That there is no plagiarism, including self-plagiarism, in the submitted work. Definition of plagiarism in the "Ethical Policy" link found scrolling down the link "About" in the home page of this journal.

* For studies involving human participants (e.g. interviews) authors must: 1) provide a document during submission to journal editor with written acceptance and approval to use name and opinions of human participants used in the study; 2) include a note in the submitted text in which the consent and approval to use name and opinions of human participants involved in the study (typically, for this journal, interviews) has been obtained. Information about the method of preservation of anonymity must be supplied to the editors of the journal in the document including approval and consent of the human participant, during submission process.

* The maximum lenght must be around 8,000 words, including references and tables.

* The font size and type to be used is Times New Roman 12

* Double space between lines

* Structure: All articles must have the following sections: a clear title, Abstract (between 100 and 250 words), Key words (maximum 8), Introduction, Sections (to include clear and strong presentation of research question, hypothesis, sources, methodology, theoretical framework, review literature, context and findings), and Conclusions.

*Abstract of  a maximum lenght of 250 words must follow guidelines to write abstract of this journal (see below), and must include: description of the topic, research questions, main theoretical and methodological approach, and findings.

* Authors are responsible of presenting a submission written in a professional, specialized, English style.

* Authors must present submissions that follow the journal style guidelines:

1) in-text references, only include authors listed at the end of the manuscript;

2) final references, only list works authors cite in the text, following citation style of the journal;

3) exactly list the references at the end following the style of  this journal. See examples in the journal on how to cite references, if authors adapt to journal style at the time of submission they will reduce the time for corrections (by the authors) in the copyediting stage, should your submission be accepted after the peer review process. The copyeditor will not do the work of adaptation to journal style guidelines for you in a later stage, and the publication of the accepted manuscript may be delayed if authors do not adapt to journal style following journal style guidelines and our copyeditor requests. We appreciate your cooperation in this regard to finish the publication of your article.

Submissions must be written in a profficient, specialized, native English style. Authors without this English style must have an specialized English native speaker revising the text in every stage of the editorial process. Each author is responsible of this requirement. The journal may suggest possible names of English native speakers if requested. A useful guide for the revision of the style is in the University of Barcelona style guidelines in

Instructions for authors to write the Abstract

The abstract is one of the most important parts of the paper. Not only does it correspond to that part of the paper which has the highest number of visits and downloads, it also corresponds to that part of the paper which the indexers and databases load into their records. Not to mention, it also facilitates the peer review process and helps readers to decide whether to read the rest of the paper or not.

* References list at the end of the text have to follow journal style guidelines, which follow author-date system of the Chicago Manual of Style's most recent online edition (

Sample of Style Citations

The following examples illustrate citations using the author-date system. Each example of a reference list entry is accompanied by an example of a corresponding parenthetical citation in the text. For more details and many more examples.


One author

Pollan, Michael. 2006. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin.

(Pollan 2006, 99–100)

Two or more authors

Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. 2007. The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945. New York: Knopf.

(Ward and Burns 2007, 52)

For four or more authors, list all of the authors in the reference list; in the text, list only the first author, followed by et al. (“and others”):

(Barnes et al. 2010)

Editor, translator, or compiler instead of author

Lattimore, Richmond, trans. 1951. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

(Lattimore 1951, 91–92)

Editor, translator, or compiler in addition to author

García Márquez, Gabriel. 1988. Love in the Time of Cholera. Translated by Edith Grossman. London: Cape.

(García Márquez 1988, 242–55)

Chapter or other part of a book

Kelly, John D. 2010. “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War.” In Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell, and Jeremy Walton, 67–83. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

(Kelly 2010, 77)

Chapter of an edited volume originally published elsewhere (as in primary sources)

Cicero, Quintus Tullius. 1986. “Handbook on Canvassing for the Consulship.” In Rome: Late Republic and Principate, edited by Walter Emil Kaegi Jr. and Peter White. Vol. 2 of University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, edited by John Boyer and Julius Kirshner, 33–46. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Originally published in Evelyn S. Shuckburgh, trans., The Letters of Cicero, vol. 1 (London: George Bell & Sons, 1908).

(Cicero 1986, 35)

Preface, foreword, introduction, or similar part of a book

Rieger, James. 1982. Introduction to Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus, by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, xi–xxxvii. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

(Rieger 1982, xx–xxi)

Book published electronically

If a book is available in more than one format, cite the version you consulted. For books consulted online, list a URL; include an access date only if one is required by your publisher or discipline. If no fixed page numbers are available, you can include a section title or a chapter or other number.

Austen, Jane. 2007. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics. Kindle edition.

Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. 1987. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

(Austen 2007)

(Kurland and Lerner, chap. 10, doc. 19)

Journal article

Article in a print journal

In the text, list the specific page numbers consulted, if any. In the reference list entry, list the page range for the whole article.

Weinstein, Joshua I. 2009. “The Market in Plato’s Republic.” Classical Philology 104:439–58.

(Weinstein 2009, 440)

Article in an online journal

Include a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if the journal lists one. A DOI is a permanent ID that, when appended to in the address bar of an Internet browser, will lead to the source. If no DOI is available, list a URL. Include an access date only if one is required by your publisher or discipline.

Kossinets, Gueorgi, and Duncan J. Watts. 2009. “Origins of Homophily in an Evolving Social Network.” American Journal of Sociology 115:405–50. Accessed February 28, 2010.

(Kossinets and Watts 2009, 411)

Article in a newspaper or popular magazine

Newspaper and magazine articles may be cited in running text (“As Sheryl Stolberg and Robert Pear noted in a New York Times article on February 27, 2010, . . .”), and they are commonly omitted from a reference list. The following examples show the more formal versions of the citations. If you consulted the article online, include a URL; include an access date only if your publisher or discipline requires one. If no author is identified, begin the citation with the article title.

Mendelsohn, Daniel. 2010. “But Enough about Me.” New Yorker, January 25.

Stolberg, Sheryl Gay, and Robert Pear. 2010. “Wary Centrists Posing Challenge in Health Care Vote.” New York Times, February 27. Accessed February 28, 2010.

(Mendelsohn 2010, 68)

(Stolberg and Pear 2010)

Book review

Kamp, David. 2006. “Deconstructing Dinner.” Review of The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals, by Michael Pollan. New York Times, April 23, Sunday Book Review.

(Kamp 2006)

Thesis or dissertation

Choi, Mihwa. 2008. “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty.” PhD diss., University of Chicago.

(Choi 2008)

Paper presented at a meeting or conference

Adelman, Rachel. 2009. “ ‘Such Stuff as Dreams Are Made On’: God’s Footstool in the Aramaic Targumim and Midrashic Tradition.” Paper presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Biblical Literature, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 21–24.

(Adelman 2009)


A citation to website content can often be limited to a mention in the text (“As of July 19, 2008, the McDonald’s Corporation listed on its website . . .”). If a more formal citation is desired, it may be styled as in the examples below. Because such content is subject to change, include an access date or, if available, a date that the site was last modified. In the absence of a date of publication, use the access date or last-modified date as the basis of the citation.

Google. 2009. “Google Privacy Policy.” Last modified March 11.

McDonald’s Corporation. 2008. “McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts.” Accessed July 19.

(Google 2009)

(McDonald’s 2008)

Blog entry or comment

Blog entries or comments may be cited in running text (“In a comment posted to The Becker-Posner Blog on February 23, 2010, . . .”), and they are commonly omitted from a reference list. If a reference list entry is needed, cite the blog post there but mention comments in the text only. (If an access date is required, add it before the URL; see examples elsewhere in this guide.)

Posner, Richard. 2010. “Double Exports in Five Years?” The Becker-Posner Blog, February 21.

(Posner 2010)

E-mail or text message

E-mail and text messages may be cited in running text (“In a text message to the author on March 1, 2010, John Doe revealed . . .”), and they are rarely listed in a reference list. In parenthetical citations, the term personal communication (or pers. comm.) can be used.

(John Doe, e-mail message to author, February 28, 2010)


(John Doe, pers. comm.)

Item in a commercial database

For items retrieved from a commercial database, add the name of the database and an accession number following the facts of publication. In this example, the dissertation cited above is shown as it would be cited if it were retrieved from ProQuest’s database for dissertations and theses.

Choi, Mihwa. 2008. “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty.” PhD diss., University of Chicago. ProQuest (AAT 3300426).


* Copyright and Permissions

Reproducing copyrighted material in articles

The author is the sole responsible person for checking whether material submitted is subject to copyright or ownership rights including figures, tables and data. The author will need to obtain permission to reproduce any such items, and include these permissions with their final submission.


It is our policy to ask all contributors to transfer the copyright in their contribution to the journal owner. This ensures that requests by third parties to reprint or reproduce a contribution, or part of it, in print or electronic form, are handled in accordance with our policy which encourages dissemination of knowledge within the framework of copyright.

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