Estimación de la capacidad de carga en la ciudad histórica de Yazd para los turistas que caminan durante las vacaciones de Nowruz

Ehsan Aslani, Mohammadhossein Dehghan Pour Farashah, Somayeh Fadaei Nezhad Bahramjerdi

Resumen


El objetivo de este estudio es estimar la capacidad de carga turística física, real y efectiva de uno de los tres caminos definidos como caminables para turistas sobre la base del documento de la Ciudad Histórica de Yazd de la Lista del Patrimonio Mundial de la UNESCO. En los últimos años, este camino ha sido renovado. La llegada masiva de turistas por este camino se debe a la cantidad de edificios históricos, hoteles de boutique, y tiendas de artesanía. En esta investigación toma un enfoque bibliotecario-documental y aplica método analítico. Los datos se recopilaron de fuentes oficiales y estudios de campo, así como los datos se consolidaron mediante la convocatoria de un panel de profesionales. El área total de la vía turística principal se calculó primero utilizando el software de AutoCAD, basado en el mapa urbano y otra información necesaria en las fórmulas de capacidad de carga física. Posteriormente, el número de visitantes permitidos se estimó en función de las limitaciones existentes. Los resultados de la investigación muestran que el número de visitantes en esta área, basado en estadísticas oficiales, está lejos de su capacidad de carga. Por lo tanto, se sugiere que para las temporadas altas, Vacaciones de Nowruz en particular. Se deben tomar medidas para controlar la multitud en esta área, tales como el desarrollo de atracciones turísticas alternativas, llevando a la población de hacinamiento hacia otros caminos, la planificación y distribución de tours, especificando el límite de tiempo para los mismos, aumentando el tiempo dedicado a visitar el sitio en la primera mitad del año, potenciando las cualidades de los espacios urbanos, así como organizando guías turísticos y personas capacitadas localmente para gestionar a los turistas.

Palabras clave


Capacidad de carga turística; Ciudad Histórica; Visitas Guiadas a pie; Vacaciones Nowruz

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Referencias


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