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Between State and Religious Institutions: Religious Diversity in the Greek Educational System


  • Olga Talantopoulou


bstract. The paper analyzes to what extent the Greek educational system meets the recommendations from the Council of Europe by featuring illustrative examples on the responses of the Greek Constitution. The leading research question consequently explores: How do the Greek State and the Eastern Orthodox Church shape state-sponsored school education in regard to the Recommendation of the Council of Europe? And more analytically: How does this impact religious diversity learning in Greece’s primary and secondary education? Content analysis is formed using the data of the European and the official government documents. Examined dynamics of the daily school setting and specific content of classes like Religious Education are collected and analyzed. The resulting arguments favor consequential reconstructions and the teaching methods in specific subjects. This can be achieved by the State and the Church implementing their aims according to the European recommendations to respond to the students’ present needs. Additionally, by offering subjects as religious studies and school setting examples as a non-religiously binding common school start session.

Keywords: Greece; Religious diversity; Secularity; State-Church-Relations; Council of Europe