Geochemical, isotopic, and zircon (U-Pb, O, Hf isotopes) evidence for the magmatic sources of the volcano-plutonic Ollo de Sapo Formation, Central Iberia

P. Montero, C. Talavera, F. Bea

Abstract


The Ollo de Sapo (Toad’s Eye) Formation comprises variably metamorphosed felsic peraluminous volcanic rocks and high-level granites that crop out over some 600 km from the Cantabrian coast to central Spain in the northern part of the Central Iberian Zone. The Ollo de Sapo magmatism is not obviously connected with any major tectonic or metamorphic event so its origin is controversial. Some authors, based on trace-elements, have proposed that the Ollo de Sapo magmas originated in a supra-subduction setting but others, based on abnormally high zircon inheritance and field and structural data, favored a rifting environment. Here we present new oxygen and hafnium isotope data from the very characteristic Ollo the Sapo zircons, which in most cases, consist of ca. 485 Ma rims and ca. 590-615 Ma cores. We found that the Cambrian-Ordovician rims yielded unimodal distributions that cluster around ∂18O = 10, typical of S-type magmas formed from melting of altered crust. The Ediacaran cores, in contrast, cluster around ∂18O=6.5, typical of arc-magmas. Rims and cores have the same average Hf isotope composition, but whereas the rims vary between εHf485Ma -1.9 and 2.6, the cores vary between εHf485Ma -9.4 and 9.8. These data, coupled with existing whole-rock element and Sr and Nd isotopic data, indicate that the Ollo de Sapo were S-type magmas that resulted from anatexis of younger-than-600 Ma immature sediments mostly derived from different Ediacaran igneous rocks with a wide range of Hf isotope composition.


Keywords


SHRIMP, isotopes, extension, gneisses, magmatic source

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1344/%25x

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Geologica Acta (ISSN-1695-6133)
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