El cíborg en el umbral de la humanidad: redefiniendo a la persona natural

Hellen Amorim, Renato Cardoso

Resumen


Es la persona que inaugura la existencia jurídica del ser: sin ella, es difícil llegar a acuerdos sobre las especificidades de derechos y deberes. En el centro de esa relación, el transhumanismo, filosofia que defiende un ser humano mejorado de manera a transcender su natureza biológica, encuentra respaldo práctico en la interacción de la tecnología con la biología, culminando en la ampliación paulatina de los modos de “ser” humano, donde el ciborg emerge como potencial humano diferenciado en vulnerabilidades y potencialidades en comparación al Homo sapiens moderno. Así, la personalidad jurídica contemporánea considerada es afectada y repensar su formulación se hace necesario. Se sustenta que las inéditas posibilidades de protección y responsabilización del ciborg implican su existencia jurídica a través de una nueva persona, la persona no-natural.

Palabras clave


cíborg; inteligencia artificial; robótica; cuerpo; naturaleza; persona

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1344/rbd2019.0.27067

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