From industrial oil to foodstuff: changes in the Spanish oil sector, 1830- 1986

Authors

  • Juan Francisco Zambrana Pineda

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1344/rhi.v0i18.18546

Keywords:

Industrial History, Agricultural History, Olive Economics, Spanish Olive Oil History

Abstract

This paper analyses the evolution of the Spanish oil and olive sector during the 19th and 20th centuries from a macroeconomic perspective. We consider its main macroeconomic variables, such as land surface, production, returns, exports, industries of second transformation, prices and wages, stressing the relevance of the agricultural policy to the evolution of the sector in different periods of time. In some periods, the policy was beneficial to the sector; allowing an increase of the olive surface, technical transformations and high returns. In other cases, the rate of return fell down dramatically, prompting the destruction of some olive groves. However; in both cases, having a productive olive sector with a high quality olive oi1 that was exported to foreign markets under a Spanish trademark appears to have been crucial.

Published

2017-04-27

Issue

Section

Articles