Economic ideas in the beginning of Nature Conservationism in Spain: similarites and differences with the U.S. case


  • José Luis Ramos Gorostiza Universidad Complutense de Madrid



Conservationism, Environmental Protection, Spain


The origins of the Spanish conservationism are situated between the middle of nineteenth century and the Civil War. It has three bases: the aristocratic tradition of hunters and sportsmen, the naturalistic scientists and the hiking movement, and the Corp of Forest Engineers. The purpose of this work is, in the first place, to analyse if the early Spanish conservationism can be understood as a reaction against the environmental degradation linked to the industrialization and urbanization processes. In the second place, the economic conceptions that characterize the early Spanish conservationism, be examined because in it utilitarian motivations can be identified together with a pure ‘preservationism’associated with aesthetic, scientific or even spiritual values. Finally, in the third place, the aspects previously analysed for the Spanish case will be compared with the North American case, because there are very important links between the American Conservation Movement and the early Spanish conservationism