Towards a new industrial policy. The projects to produce non-ferrous metals in Argentina during the Second World War


  • Marcelo Rougier



Metals Industries, Argentina, Second World War, Military Industries


This article discusses the characteristics that it acquired the non-ferrous metal production by focusing on the difficulties that were generated for a large sector manufacturer who care about the basic raw material during World War II, with special emphasis on the aluminum industry. In particular, consider based on primary source projects developed in those years to overcome these difficulties, among which stood out on those developed by the Directorate General of Military. As a hypothesis, the restrictions that took place during the course of the war and the varied responses they generated in the business and military led to the development of various manufacturing enterprises in that category and the creation and consolidation of legislation, bodies and instruments hitherto novel industrial policy. New laws and decrees in the mining and industrial promotion, rationing policies, export controls, credit facilities and direct government production projects through joint ventures or emerged in those years as a result of a climate of ideas that emphasized both progress in import substitution and in achieving greater industrial autarky.