Institutions and entrepreneurship in the north of Spain, 1885-2010

Authors

  • Joseba de la Torre Universidad Pública de Navarra
  • Mario García-Zúñiga Universidad del País Vasco

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1344/rhi.v22i51.20965

Keywords:

Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship Indicators, Institutions, Regional Economic

Abstract

This paper addresses entrepreneurship in northern Spain between 1885 and 2010. We review first the theoretical and empirical literature and their use by economic historians. Then, from a Schumpeterian perspective, we make a longitudinal study of business creation rates in the Basque Country, Navarre, La Rioja, and Saragossa during this period. The aim is to make a comparative analysis with the Spanish rate to observe provincial differences in business creation. Finally, the role of regional and provincial governments as a source of incentives and opportunities for business is considered. The economic success of Álava and Navarre lay partly in their special economic and administrative systems —quite different from the rest of Spain— which offered tax incentives for business to locate there and therefore stimulated greater entrepreneurship.

Published

2018-01-09

Issue

Section

Articles