Aguas da morte: the contamination of waters in the mining basins of the Iberian peninsula


  • Juan Diego Pérez Cebada Universidad de Huelva
  • Paulo Guimaraes Universidae de Évora


Pollution Control Adoption and Costs, Water Pollution, Technological Innovation, Government Policy


Iberian mining basins have a long history of water pollution problems. This paper analyzes the most serious mining pollution cases in Spain and Portugal in the period spanning from the second half of 19th century to the 1960s. The first part centers on the technological consequences of these problems, with a particular stress on the role and strategies of mining companies. The second part is an analysis of the institutional framework in Portugal and Spain, which emphasizes the early character of the legal solutions implemented as well as their originality and diversity. Finally, the complex relations between technological innovation, institutional framework and water pollution are discussed.


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How to Cite

Pérez Cebada, Juan Diego, and Paulo Guimaraes. 2018. “Aguas Da Morte: The Contamination of Waters in the Mining Basins of the Iberian Peninsula”. Revista De Historia Industrial — Industrial History Review 26 (69):81-108.