The long mise-en-scène of Western Sahara’s phosphate, 1947-1969


  • Jesús M. Martínez Milán Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria


Mining, Public Enterprise, Sahara Occidental, Colonialisme


ter the discovery of the existence of phosphate in Western Sahara by the geologist Manuel Alía Medina in the year 1945, Spain ordered the National Company of Mining Investigation (Enadimsa) to carry through the investigation and exploitation of the phosphate mining area of Western Sahara with the purpose of providing phospated fertilizers to the national industry. In this job my objective is to analyze the evolution of this first stage of the investigation and taking the mineral deposit into account through the study of the documents of both companies appointed by the INI: Enadimsa and the National Company of Mining of the Sahara S.A (Enminsa). In this paper, I hold that the lack of a clear policy defined by the state and the lack of finance, delayed the exploitation of this mineral deposit until the late years of Franco’s regime.


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How to Cite

Martínez Milán, Jesús M. 2018. “The Long Mise-En-scène of Western Sahara’s Phosphate, 1947-1969”. Revista De Historia Industrial — Industrial History Review 26 (69):177-205.