Districts of Innovation in the World





innovation districts, urban transformation, technology, governance, triple helix, knowledge based urban development


The 20th anniversary of the innovation district of Barcelona, the 22@Barcelona, provides the rationale for this special issue. Key actors in the academia, organisations and institutions from several innovation districts around the world, have joined this celebration project that has materialized in the collection of articles that conform “Districts of Innovation in the World”. The result is a unique compilation of experiences, analysis and evaluations that evidence the relevance of innovation districts as tools for urban, economic and social development but also as urban cores of production of technology and innovation. Benefiting from years of exchange of ideas and mutual collaboration, this special issue offers, from an evolutionary perspective, an analysis of the transitions, adaptations and mutations that innovation districts have experienced around the world.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Montserrat Pareja-Eastaway, University of Barcelona

PhD Applied Economics, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, University of Barcelona. Vice-Chair of European Network for Housing and Urban Research (ENHR), Coordinator of GRC Creativity, Innovation and Urban Transformation (CRIT). Research field: Urban Economics, Creativity, Innovation ecosystems, Creative & Cultural industries.


Engel, Jerome S., editor. 2022. Clusters of Innovation in the Age of Disruption. Cheltenham: Edwar Elgar Publishing Limited.

Etzkowitz, Henry and Loet Leydesdorff. 1997. Universities and the Global Knowledge Economy:

A Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations. London: Pinter.

Yigitcanlar, Tan, and Tommi Inkinen. 2019. Geographies of Disruption: Place Making for Innovation in the Age of Knowledge Economy. Cham: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-03207-4.




How to Cite

Pareja-Eastaway, Montserrat, and Josep Miquel Pique. 2022. “Districts of Innovation in the World”. Journal of Evolutionary Studies in Business 7 (2):1-5. https://doi.org/10.1344/jesb2022.2.j104.