The early/middle Eocene transition at the Ésera valley (SouthCentral Pyrenees): Implications in Shallow Benthic Zones (SBZ)


  • Antonio Barnolas IGME (retired)
  • Adriana Rodríguez-Pintó Freelance geologist
  • Gilen Bernaola 3. Deparment of Mining-Metallurgy Engineering and Material Science, Faculty of Engineering in Bilbao, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) Plaza Ingeniero Torres Quevedo 1, Bilbao, Spain
  • Emilio Pueyo 5. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, Unidad de Zaragoza. C/M. Lasala 44, 9ºB, 50006, Zaragoza, Spain
  • Josep Tosquella 7. Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra, Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad de Huelva, Campus del Carmen, Avenida de las Fuerzas Armadas s/n, 21071 Huelva, Spain
  • Pau Arbués 2. Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Ciències de la Terra, Departament de Dinàmica de la Terra i de l’Oceà, Carrer de Martí Franquès s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
  • Robert Scholger Chair of Applied Geophysics, University of Leoben, Leoben, Austria



Magnetostratigraphy, Larger benthic foraminifera, Calcareous nannofossils, Ypresian – Lutetian boundary, South-Central Pyrenean Basin


An integrated study including magnetostratigraphy, larger benthic foraminifera and calcareous nannofossil
biostratigraphy is presented herein. This work was performed in shallow marine siliciclastics rich in larger
foraminifera, around the Ypresian/Lutetian boundary in the Ésera valley (South-Central Pyrenees). Although the
calcareous nannofossil content in the studied interval is low, not allowing a precise Y/L boundary to be recognised,
the taxa found are enough to support the chronostratigraphic attribution.

Data obtained in the Ésera valley section has improved the knowledge of larger benthic foraminifera (Nummulites
and Assilina) distribution through chron C21. SBZ 11 to SBZ 12 transition took place at the lowermost C21r, as
shown in previous works. SBZ 12 assemblages extend into C21n, where the SBZ 12 to SBZ 13 boundary occurs.
These data, obtained in shallow marine siliciclastic facies, with in situ fauna, results in a shift of the SBZ 12/SBZ
13 boundary to the Lower Lutetian, younger than previously believed. Accordingly, the Ypresian/Lutetian boundary
occurs in SBZ 12.






Biochronology of the South Pyrenean Cenozoic, in memoriam Josep Serra-Kiel

Most read articles by the same author(s)