Lagging or catching up? The mechanization of the Portuguese cork industry (1880-1914)


  • Carlos Manuel Faísca Universidad de Extremadura



Portuguese Cork Industry, Cork Stopper, Nineteenth-century, Technologic innovation.


In the second half of the nineteenth century the cork industry mechanized the production of cork stoppers, the main and, almost, the only cork product of that time. This movement began in the midnineteenth century in the most industrialized and non-cork forest countries, threatening the dominant position of the Spanish cork industry, located mainly in Catalonia. Subsequently, from the 1880s, the Catalan industry began a rapid process of mechanization, regaining part of its global prominence in the transformation of cork. This article explores the mechanization of the Portuguese cork industry with the objective, on the one hand, of under-standing if there was a delay in relation to the Catalan process and, on the other hand, of tracing the technological modernization of the Portuguese cork industry within the general picture of Portuguese industry.


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Author Biography

Carlos Manuel Faísca, Universidad de Extremadura

Carlos Manuel Faísca es doctorando de la Universidad de Extremadura donde desarrolla un estudio sobre el sector corchero del Sudoeste Peninsular en el siglo XIX. Cuenta con varias publicaciones en periódicos científicos del área de Ciencias de la Información y de Historia, destacándose, dentro de la temática del sector corchero, «Creando una desventaja? La regulación contractual de las prácticas suberícolas en España y Portugal (1852-1914)», publicado en Revista Portuguesa de História.