Sanctity of Digital Privacy and Personal Data during COVID-19: Are Youths Enough Digitally Literate to Deal with it?
Keywords:Covid-19, Digital privacy, personal data protection, media literacy, youths, west Benegal
The COVID-19 pandemic has fast-tracked the development of digital applications and inspired everyone to adapt to the technologies to curb the spread of outbreak. As this crisis intensifies, the rapid usage of digital devices and apps has echoed the serious concerns about civil liberties, privacy, and data protection. Considering the situation, this research aimed to explore the internet using habits of the youths of West Bengal, a state in eastern India, during COVID-19. Besides, the paper explored their experiences using various digital applications, and the fundamental digital literacy of them and the safeguards they often take to protect their data from breaches. Thus,the paper presents the results by conducting an online survey among the youths in West Bengal. The result, from 215 participants, highlighted that the increased use of these digital applications has not matched the demand for digital privacy literacy among the young generation of the state. While this pandemic has raised their concerns over digital privacy and data protection, yet they do not undertake any strong protection mechanisms to protect them digitally. Besides, this paper suggests suitable plans to raise awareness among this generation and form a healthy digital citizenship with a proper regulatory framework as it is the need of the hour.
Acker, A., & Bowler, L. (2018). Youth Data Literacy : Teen Perspectives on Data Created with Social Media and Mobile Devices. 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 9, 1923–1932. https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/server/api/core/bitstreams/1169ca6c-5cbb-45f6-b8a2-8fd88c3dd29a/content
Adorjan, M., & Ricciardelli, R. (2018). Cyber-risk and youth: Digital citizenship, privacy and surveillance. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315158686
Agosto, D., Abbas, J., & Naughton, R. (2012). Relationships and Social Rules: Teens’ Social Network and Other ICT Selection Practices. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(6), 1108–1124. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.22612
Arlington, V. (2020). Gartner Survey Reveals 82% of Company Leaders Plan to Allow Employees to Work Remotely Some of the Time. Gartner. https://www.gartner.com/en/newsroom/press-releases/2020-07-14-gartner-survey-reveals-82-percent-of-company-leaders-plan-to-allow-employees-to-work-remotely-some-of-the-time
Agosto, D. E., & Abbas, J. (2016). “Don’t be dumb—that’s the rule I try to live by”: A closer look at older teens’ online privacy and safety attitudes. New Media & Society, 19(3), 347-365. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444815606121
Basuroy, T. (2022). Internet usage in India - statistics & facts. Statista. https://www.statista.com/topics/2157/internet-usage-in-india/
Bélanger, F., & Crossler, R. E. (2011). Privacy in the Digital Age: A Review of Information Privacy Research in Information Systems. MIS Quarterly, 35(4), 1017–1041. https://doi.org/10.2307/41409971
Bhattacharya, D. (2021). The Information Technology (IT) Rules. Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses. https://www.idsa.in/idsacomments/it-rules-2021-dbhattacharya-040621
Buckingham, D. (2001). Media Education: A Global Strategy for Development. A policy paper prepared for UNESCO Sector of Communication and Information. UNESCO. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228730180_Media_Education_A_Global_Strategi_for_Development_A_Policy_Paper_Prepared_for_UNESCO_Sector_of_Communication_and_Information
Cerf, V. G. (2016). Information and misinformation on the internet. Communications of the ACM, 60(1), 9. https://doi.org/10.1145/3018809
Clarke, R. (1999). Internet Privacy Concerns Confirm the Case for Intervention. Communications of the ACM, 42(2), 60–67. https://doi.org/10.1145/293411.293475.
Data secure status for India is vital: Sharma on FTA with EU. (2013). Business Standard. https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/data-secure-status-for-india-is-vital-sharma-on-fta-with-eu-113090300889_1.html
Fahey, R. A., & Hino, A. (2020). COVID-19 , digital privacy , and the social limits on data-focused public health responses. International Journal of Information Management, 55(2020), 102181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2020.102181
Faraj, S., Renno, W., & Bhardwaj, A. (2021). Unto the breach: What the COVID-19 pandemic exposes about digitalization. Information and Organization, 31(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infoandorg.2021.100337
Halton, C. (2021). Digital Native Definition. Investopedia. Retrieved June 10, 2021, from dathttps://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/digital-native.asp
The Centre for Internet & Society. (n.d.). Internet Privacy in India. https://cis-india.org/telecom/knowledge-repository-on-internet-access/internet-privacy-in-india
Jayachandran, J. (2018). Media Literacy and Education in India During Times of Communication Abundance. Journal of Creative Communications, 13(1), 73–84. https://doi.org/10.1177/0973258617743625
Jones, P. C., Diagne, A., Finlay, A., Gaye, S., Gichunge, W., Onumah, C., Pretorius, C., & Schiffrin, A. (2018). MEDIA LITERACY TEACHING AROUND THE WORLD. In Misinformation Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa: From Laws and Regulations to Media Literacy (pp. 31–34). Westminster Press. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv1v3gqw5.9
Kashyap, K. (2021). Are we crossing boundaries while digitally monitoring employees? HRkatha. https://www.hrkatha.com/technology/are-we-crossing-boundaries-while-digitally-monitoring-employees/
Katarki, S., Viswanath, N., Chatterjee, I., &, & Varanasi, R. R. (2020). The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019: Key Changes And Analysis. Mondaq. https://www.mondaq.com/india/privacy-protection/880200/the-personal-data-protection-bill-2019-key-changes-and-analysis
Kemp, S. (2021). DIGITAL 2021: INDIA. Data Reportal. https://datareportal.com/reports/digital-2021-india
Khanna, M. (2021). 61% Indians Use Internet In 2021, Up From Just 21% In 2017 Says Report. India Times. https://www.indiatimes.com/technology/news/india-internet-usage-report-554181.html
Kumar, K. J. (2019). Media Literacy in India . In The International Encyclopedia of Media Literacy, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118978238.ieml0152
Livingstone, S. (2018). Children’s data and privacy online Growing up in a digital age. The London School of Economics and Political Science. https://www.lse.ac.uk/media-and-communications/research/research-projects/childprivacyonline
Mason, R. O. (1986). Four ethical issues of the information age. MIS Quarterly, 10(1), 5–12. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315259697-8
Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology. (2022). Digital Literacy. https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1812277
Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology. (2022). National Data Governance Framework Policy. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1845318
Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology. (n.d.). Di- Initiatives. https://digitalindia.gov.in/services/
Ministry of External Affairs. (2021). One of The Youngest Populations in the World – India’s Most Valuable Asset. https://indbiz.gov.in/one-of-the-youngest-populations-in-the-world-indias-most-valuable-asset/
Ministry of Human Resource Development. (2020). National Education Policy 2020. https://www.education.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/NEP_Final_English_0.pdf
Museum and Library Services Act. (2010). https://www.imls.gov/sites/default/files/1996.pdf
National Council of Educational Research and Training. (2005). National Curriculum Framework. https://ncert.nic.in/pdf/nc-framework/nf2005-english.pdf
Nissenbaum, H. (2004). Privacy as contextual integrity. Washington Law Review, 79(1), 119–157. https://digitalcommons.law.uw.edu/wlr/vol79/iss1/10
Pangrazio, L., Godhe, A. L., & Ledesma, A. G. L. (2020). What is digital literacy? A comparative review of publications across three language contexts. E-Learning and Digital Media, 17(6), 442–459. https://doi.org/10.1177/2042753020946291
Pariser, E. (2011). The Filter Bubble: What The Internet Is Hiding From You. Penguin Press.
Pragati. (2021). Social media statistics in India. Talkwalker, 1–25. https://www.talkwalker.com/blog/social-media-statistics-in-india
Santar, N. ., Manago, A., Starks, A., & Reich, S. M. (2021). Early Adolescents’ Perspectives on Digital Privacy. Algorithmic Rights and Protections for Children. https://wip.mitpress.mit.edu/pub/early-adolescents-perspectives-on-digital-privacy/release/1
Setyowati, L. (2016). Digital Life, Digital Tattoo and The Filter Bubble: raising the awareness and the cautions on online activities through information literacy education. Conference on Science Mapping, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305682940_Digital_Life_Digital_Tattoo_and_The_Filter_Bubble_raising_the_awareness_and_the_cautions_on_online_activities_through_information_literacy_education
Shah, S. G. S., Nogueras, D., van Woerden, H. C., & Kiparoglou, V. (2020). The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Pandemic of Lockdown Loneliness and the Role of Digital Technology. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(11), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.2196/22287
Smith, K. L., & Shade, L. R. (2018). Children’s digital playgrounds as data assemblages: Problematics of privacy, personalization, and promotional culture. Big Data and Society, 5(2), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1177/2053951718805214
Subramaniam, N. (2021). Twitter And WhatsApp Vs India’s New IT Rules. Inc42 Media. https://inc42.com/buzz/why-twitter-and-whatsapp-have-not-made-peace-with-indias-new-it-rules/
Trninic, D., & Vukelic, A. K. (2021). Privacy On The Internet Concerning Generation Z In Bosnia And Herzegovina. Media Literacy and Academic Research, 4(1), 180–199.
Vargo, D., Zhu, L., & Benwell, B. (2020). Digital technology use during COVID-19 pandemic : A rapid review. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies, 3(1), 13-24. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbe2.242
Wisniewski, P. (2018). The Privacy Paradox of Adolescent Online Safety: A Matter of Risk Prevention or Risk Resilience? IEEE Security and Privacy, 16(2), 86–90. https://doi.org/10.1109/MSP.2018.1870874
Wisniewski, P. J., Vitak, J., & Hartikainen, H. (2022). Privacy in Adolescence. In: Knijnenburg, B.P., Page, X., Wisniewski, P., Lipford, H.R., Proferes, N., Romano, J. (eds) Modern Socio-Technical Perspectives on Privacy. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-82786-1_14
Youthpolicy. (2014). Definition of Youth. Retrieved June 10, 2021, from https://www.youthpolicy.org/factsheets/country/india/#:~:text=Definition of Youth,constitutes 27.5%25 of India’s population
Copyright (c) 2023 Digital Education Review
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication.
- The texts published in Digital Education Review, DER, are under a license Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4,0 Spain, of Creative Commons. All the conditions of use in: Creative Commons,
- In order to mention the works, you must give credit to the authors and to this Journal.
- Digital Education Review, DER, does not accept any responsibility for the points of view and statements made by the authors in their work.