Are Listening Skills Best Enhanced Through the Use of Multimedia Technology

Sejdi Sejdiu


Listening comprehension is essential to L2 learning. Pupils who are able to demonstrate L2 listening skills are able to demonstrate proficiency in other language skills. Due to the relatively unappreciated role of listening in language development, educators and language experts have been actively promoting the equal or emphasized enhancement of listening skills among students. Through multimedia, L2 speakers are provided access to several visual and aural L2 texts via audio, video, the Internet, podcasts, blogs and others.

The use of multimedia in listening instrument aims to ultimately assist L2 learners in understanding L2 within the everyday context.

The use of Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) programmes have been heralded as effective means of developing and enhancing language skills among L2 learners.

However, listening skill teaching has been a neglected area. There has been a general belief that being able to speak, read and write in a given L2, is a parameter to be able to claim that L2 learners are proficient in communication in that language. In view of this assumption, many L2 teachers have ignored the true importance that listening has as a source or oral input from which L2 speakers can acquire the target language.


listening; enhancement; multimedia technology; CALL; teaching

Full Text:



Blasco, M. (2009). CALL enhanced L2 listening skills- aiming for autoimmunization in a multimedia environment. Indian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 35 (1), 107-120. Borras, I., & Lafayette, R. (1994). Effects of multimedia courseware subtitling on the speaking performance of college students of French. The Modern Language Journal, 78 (1), 61-75. Buck, G. (2001). Assessing listening. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ellis, N.C. (2001). Memory for language. In P. Robinson (Ed.), Cognition and Second Language Instruction (pp. 183-205). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Gary J. O. (2007). Construct implications of including still image or video in computer-based listening tests. Language Testing, 24 (4), 517–537. Ginther, A. (2002). Context and content visuals and performance on listening comprehension stimuli. Language Testing, 19(2), 133-167. Grgurovic, M. & Hegelheimer, V. (2007). Help options and multimedia listening: students' use of subtitles and the transcript. Language Learning & Technology, 11 (1), 45-66. Gruba, P. (1993). A comparison study of audio and video in language testing. JALT Journal, 16 (1), 85-88. Gruba, P. (2004). Understanding digitized second language videotext. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 17 (1), 51-82. Guo, N., & Wills, R. (2005). An investigation of factors influencing English listening comprehension and possible measures for improvement. Retrieved July 8, 2013 from: – Holden, W. R. (2004). Facilitating listening comprehension: Acquiring successful strategies. Bulletine of Hukuriku University, 28, 257-266. Jensen, E. D. & Vinther, T. (2003). Exact repetition as input enhancement in Second language acquisition. Language Learning, 53/3, 373-428. Jones, L & Plass, J. (2002). Supporting listening comprehension and vocabulary acquisition in French with multimedia annotations. The Modern Language Journal, 86, 546-561. Jones, L. C. (2003). Supporting listening comprehension and vocabulary acquisition with multimedia annotations: The student’s voice. CALICO Journal, 21/1, 1-26. Jones, L. C. (2008). Listening comprehension technology: Building the bridge from analog to digital. CALICO Journal, 25 (3), 400-419. Jowkar, M. (2012). The relationship between perceptual learning style preferences and listening comprehension strategies of Iranian intermediate EFL learners. Academic Research International, 2 (2), 739-745. Krashen, S. & Terrell, T. (1983).The Natural Approach: Language Acquisition in the Classroom. Hayward, CA: Alemany Press Lin, L. F. (2010). A video-based CALL program for proficient and less-proficient L2 learners‟ comprehension ability, incidental vocabulary acquisition. Educational Media International, 47 (3), 199-216. MacWilliam, I. (1986). Video and language comprehension. ELT Journal, 40, 131-135. Markham et al., (2001). The effects of native language vs. target language captions on foreign language students DVD video comprehension. Foreign Language Annals, 34, 439-445. Ramirez-Verdugo, D., & Belmonte, I. A. (2007). Using digital stories to improve listening comprehension with Spanish young learners of English. Language Learning & Technology, 11 (1), 87-101. Redfield, M. R. (2003). The Use of Transcripts with Audio Tapes: Is There a Best Presentation Order? Osaka Keidai Ronshu, 53 (6), 293-300. Rost, M. (1990). Listening. In Carter, R. & Nunan, D. (Ed). The Cambridge guide to teaching English to speakers of other languages (pp. 7-13). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rubin, J. (1990). Improving foreign language listening comprehension. In Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics 1990 (pp. 309-316). Washington: Georgetown University Press. Rubin, J. (2011). A review of second language listening comprehension research. The Modern Language Journal (1994) 78 (2), Publisher: JSTOR, 199-221. Smidt, E & Hegelheimer, V. (2004). Effects of online academic lectures on ESL listening comprehension, incidental vocabulary acquisition, and strategy use. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 17 (5), 517–556. Vandergrift, L. (1999). Facilitating second language listening comprehension: Acquiring successful strategies. ELT Journal, 53 (3), 168-176. Vandergrift, L. (2007). Recent developments in second and foreign language listening comprehension research. Language Teaching, 40, 191-210. Wagner, E. (2007). Are they watching? Test-taker viewing behavior during an L2 video listening test. Language Learning & Technology, 11 (1), 67-86. Yang et al., (2010). Integrating video-capture virtual reality technology into a physically interactive learning environment for English learning. Computers & Education 55 (1) 1346 –1356. Zainol Abidin et al., (2011). Improving Listening Comprehension among Malay Preschool Children Using. Digital Stories. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1 (14), 159-164.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Licencia Creative Commons

ISSN 2013-9144


RCUB RCUB Declaració ètica Avís Legal Centre de Recursos per a l'Aprenentatge i la Investigació Universitat de Barcelona